General Law system refers to the system that comprises of the rules and regulations that are forced with the help of social institutions. These laws are formulated to administrate the behavior of the citizens and the bodies. The formulation of laws is made by the constitution of the country. It is either written or unspoken and the rights of the people rewritten in it.
Terminologies Related To The General Law System:
- Labor Law:
It is the process of studying the relationship between the employee of an institute and the institute itself. The involvement of the trade union and the workers union is also related to it. This labor law involves the collection of all the laws enforced for the workers and their employers too. It also deals with the rights of the workers starting from the employees’ insurance, job security, healthy covers and the salaries.
- Human Rights:
These include the civil rights and laws that are necessary to the citizens of a country. It engulfs in itself the basic rights and freedoms that have to be provided to every citizen of the country too. Starting from the right to free speech to the right of free movement, all of it is parts of the human rights and civil rights.
- Civil procedure:
It is the process that is to be followed by the citizens in the times of breakage of the lawsuit. It ensures the complete procedure that is to be followed while proceeding in civil cases concerned to the citizens of the country.
It refers to the proofs that build the trust of the cases. Any legal proceeding is done on the basis of the evidences found. The proofs are the basis on which the legal proceedings are processed and hence are the most important parts of general law.
- Nationality Laws:
It refers to the laws of the foreigners. It comprises of the rules that govern the rules for the foreigners basing on which they can travel along and move about places. It can be offensive till having a citizenship cancelled and hence is different in different countries.
- Taxation Laws:
It comprises of the laws that are concerned with the tax systems of the country. It deals with the taxes like income tax; value added taxes (VAT), service tax and corporate taxes too. Any changes in the taxes are formulated with the taxation laws.
- Banking Laws:
It deals with the rules and policies of banks like fixing the capitals, regulating the financials, investment rules and more. This basically formulated to ensure that the risks of the economic crisis are reduced and in the worst possible cases, are fought effectively.
- Company Law:
It deals with the laws that the owner of a company needs to follow. Abiding the law would land the owner in the safe hands. Moreover, company laws are the ones that are formulated by the owner and the naming partners of the company. Being the supreme of the company, he can make laws and can amend them whenever needed.
- Environmental Law:
The over increasing problem of environmental pollution has been a matter to worry about since quiet a long time. Hence, the environment laws are the ones that are enforced to make sure that the environment is safe and is not harmed anyhow. Any step against it is likely to be charged and penalized.